Boxer Breed History
Mastiffs are considered the ancestors of boxers, who spread to Europe in the time of the Celts.
In the photo: Boxer dog
In Germany, Belgium and France, a breed emerged that was bred for hunting big game: tours, wolves, bears, wild boars. From here came the name "bullenbeyser", translated from German meaning "bull-dog". What was needed was a compact, agile, but at the same time strong and resilient dog, which could fearlessly attack a much larger enemy and hold him with a dead grip.
The breed flourished until the British created competitors. They crossed the mastiffs with the greyhounds, and as a result received the Great Dane. These dogs combined the fearlessness and power of mastiffs with the speed and endurance of greyhounds. The Great Dane soon replaced the coarse bullenbaseers. Where the latter are still preserved (for example, in Prussia), they were used together with the English Great Dane. A cross appeared, which turned into a bullenbeyser of a more modern type: mobile and smart, but without losing courage and power.
The main task that the dogs performed was to grab the beast and hold it until the hunter approached. In this regard, certain features of the exterior were welcomed. The dog had to have a wide mouth (to provide maximum grip area), a shortened jaw (a short leverage gave less strain on the jaw muscles), as well as an upturned nose (the dog could breathe freely, clinging even to the bear's skin).
Deforestation for agricultural land in the 17th century. led to the disappearance of most large animals, moreover, guns became more and more accessible. The dogs were out of work. Only those individuals survived that the butchers used to pacify the bulls, as well as dogs, which they began to use as watchmen.
By the 19th century former bullenbasers survived only in crossbreeds with other breeds. In 1893, the German Kennel Club introduced data on all dogs (regardless of breed) in the studbook. Mestizos bullenbeyserov not popular and would have disappeared altogether, if not for their new derivative, which was called a boxer.
The origin of the name is not exactly established. Some say that this is a consequence of the similarity of the muzzle with the face of a boxer after an unsuccessful fight. Others compare a dog’s head with a boxing glove. Another version is related to the fact that representatives of the breed often use front legs in games. Be that as it may, the name stuck.
The famous dog handler and trainer Friedrich Robert, who moved to Munich in 1894, was captivated by the idea of creating the perfect military dog. And he thought that a boxer like no other is suitable for this role. With the support of Rudolf Hapner and Elard Koenig, he started a company to promote this idea. It was this trinity that introduced the first boxer at the exhibition in 1895 and founded the Boxer Club.
After a year later the specialty show, many boxers fell in love. Then they created the first standard.
The First World War was an exam for boxers, and the dogs withstood it with honor. They proved to be excellent fighters, however, unfortunately, many did not live to see the end of the war.
1921 was the beginning of a new boxing career: three representatives of the breed passed the test for the right to work in the police.
At the end of the 40s of the 20th century. boxers have spread all over the world. And in 1950, the organization ATIBOX (Association Technique Internationale du Boxer) was created in Strasbourg, which now includes Denmark, Belgium, Finland, Germany, France, Israel, Indonesia, Italy, Norway, the Netherlands, Austria, Sudan, Poland, Sweden, Portugal, Hungary, Spain, Crete, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Yugoslavia, Slovenia, USA, Peru and Russia.